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Glossary

Conditions & Complications
Glossary of Terms

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General Terms

Adverse Effect

An unforeseen effect of a medication or device that causes further injury.

Compensable

An injury that can be compensated or given money in recognition for losses.

Defective Products

Products with unforeseen effects that can cause serious harm.

Discovery Rule

A rule pertaining to the Statute of Limitations that says the time to file a lawsuit begins once you discover that you are injured, or when you should have discovered you were injured

Failure To Warn

Refers to law that states that manufacturers must adequately warn of potential dangers of its product’s use, or else they may be liable. In other words, if a manufacturer fails to warn of a potential injury you have the right to file a lawsuit against them for the costs related to your injury.

Food & Drug Administration

Federal agency of the U.S. government responsible for protecting the public by ensuring the safety and efficacy of drugs and devices.

Injury Rule

A rule pertaining to the Statute of Limitations that says the time to file a lawsuit begins at the date your injury occurred.

Johnson & Johnson

World’s largest seller of healthcare products. Faces lawsuits for products injuring hundreds of thousands of people.

Mass Tort

A group of individual cases resulting from the same source of harm come together to seek compensation from that source of harm.

Off-Label Use

The prescribed use of a drug that was never approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for that use.

Quality of Life

The base standard of health, comfort, and happiness.

Rights

A personal claim that is protected by law for the purpose of securing it.

Side Effect

A reasonable, warned effect of a resulting from a medication or device.

Statute of Limitations

The state-specific legal time limit in which you need to file a lawsuit.

Actemra Terms

Arteritis

The inflammation of the walls of arteries, usually as a result of an infection or autoimmune response. Giant cell arteritis (also called temporal arteritis) is an inflammation of the lining of your arteries. It usually affects the arteries in your head (especially those in your temples).

Arthritis

There are over 100 types of arthritis, so this term generally refers to any disorder that affects the joints.

Gastrointestinal Perforation

Many studies have shown that people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis are twice as likely to have digestive problems. High levels of inflammation and a problematic immune system likely play a significant role. A gastrointestinal perforation occurs when a hole forms all the way through the stomach, large bowel, or small intestine.

Immunosuppressive Drug

Rheumatoid arthritis is the result of the body’s immune system not working properly. It attacks the lining of joints causing inflammation and pain. Immunosuppressive drugs calm the immune system preventing severe arthritis symptoms

Interstitial Lung Disease

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease which doesn’t affect only your joints. This disease means that the body mistakenly attacks its own tissues and can cause scarring in the lungs which results in shortness of breath and other complications.

Pancreatitis

Your pancreas is a long, flat gland that is found behind the stomach in the upper abdomen. It produces enzymes that aid in digestion and hormones that help to regulate the way your body processes sugar (glucose). Pancreatitis occurs when the pancreas is inflamed. Complications from pancreatitis can lead to hospitalization and even death.

Tocilizumab

The generic name of the immunosuppressive drug branded as Actemra that is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.

Invokana Terms

Invokana or Invokamet

Type 2 diabetes drug belonging to a new class of drug called SGLT2 inhibitors that stops glucose from being reabsorbed in the blood. The drug is associated with life-threatening consequences of toxicity in the blood, including coma or death.

Diabetic Coma

A diabetic coma is a reversible, but life-threatening diabetes complication that causes unconsciousness. If you have diabetes or kidney failure, then dangerously high or low blood sugar can lead to diabetic coma. If left untreated, a diabetic coma can be fatal.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious condition in which the body produces high levels of acid in the blood resulting in ketones. DKA occurs when the body cannot use glucose as fuel because there is not enough insulin to convert that glucose into energy.

Dialysis

Dialysis removes excess waste and water from the blood to prevent them from building up in the body. Once you lose about 85-90% of kidney function, you need dialysis to sustain life.

Glucose

A simple sugar that comes from the food we eat that fuels our cells.

Insulin

A hormone made by your pancreas to turn glucose from the food you eat into energy.

Pancreas

The pancreas is responsible for creating enzymes that help our bodies break down food into energy.

SGLT2 Inhibitors

A class of Type 2 diabetes drugs that stops glucose from being reabsorbed into the blood. This class of drugs inhibits a protein in the kidney called SGLT2 that is responsible for absorbing 90% of the glucose in the kidneys.

Type 2 Diabetes

A lifelong disease that affects the way your body processes food. With Type 2 diabetes your body either does not produce enough insulin, or it is resistant to the insulin you do produce.

IVC Filter Terms

IVC Filters

A blood clot filter placed in the inferior vena cava to stop a blood clot from reaching the lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism. Usually IVC filters are placed if patients cannot take blood-thinner medication. They are often only intended for short-term use, but are sometimes left inside the body causing major problems like breakage, migration, and organ perforation.

Blood Clot

Gel-like clumps of blood. They help you stop bleeding in response to an injury or cut, but sometimes blood clots form inside your veins which can be dangerous.

Blood Clot Filters

Small spider-shaped, cage-like metal device designed to stop a blood clot from traveling to the lungs. Usually for people who cannot take blood thinners because of a pre-existing condition.

Blood-Thinners

Medication that either works to lengthen the time it takes to form a blood clot or prevent blood cells called platelets from clumping together to form a clot.

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

When a blood clot forms in the lower body (usually the leg). DVTs can be dangerous if they travel to the lungs.

Inferior Vena Cava (IVC)

A large vein that carries blood from your lower body to your heart. You can think of it like a freeway in your body to your heart and lungs.

IVC Filter Migration

When an IVC filter has moved, or continues to move from its original placement. This is very dangerous as the IVC filter itself could travel to the lungs, break apart and have further pieces floating in the body, and/or puncture organs along the way.

Organ Perforation

When surrounding organs are damaged due to an artificial input that is out of place.

Pulmonary Embolism

When one or more arteries in the lung become blocked by a blood clot which can lead to death.

Physiomesh Terms

Hernia

A condition where an organ or fatty tissue pushes through surrounding muscles or connective tissue.

Hernia Mesh

A screen-like material that is applied to the muscle perforation to prevent the organ or tissue from pushing through.

Hernia Recurrence

If a hernia repair fails, the tissue is able to push through the muscle again.

Mesh Erosion

When the mesh breaks apart and can dangerously move to surrounding tissue and organs.

Mesh Migration

When an implant fails to attach to tissue, it can move around possibly causing damage to organs and surrounding tissue.

Organ Perforation

Surrounding organs are damaged due to an artificial implant that is out of place.

Ventral Hernia

At the site of a previous surgery, the muscle wall weakens due to an incision and makes it easier for the intestine to push through. (also called an “incisional hernia”).

Risperdal Terms

ADD

Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is similar to ADHD, but the patient is not hyperactive. People with ADD have trouble or are unable to focus on remedial tasks.

ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic condition that leads to poor attention, hyperactivity, and poor impulse control so much that it interferes with development.

Gynecomastia

A condition that causes breast growth in men or boys.

Male Breast Growth

A condition called gynecomastia that results from increased levels of estrogen or prolactin.

Risperdal

A powerful second-generation antipsychotic drug approved by the FDA for the treatment of schizophrenia, but was illegally marketed as a drug to treat ADHD in male children. It is linked to breast growth in young boys.

Roundup Terms

Carcinogen
A cancer-causing substance or agent.

Glyphosate
An organophosphorus compound, (specifically a phosphonate) used as a systemic, broad-spectrum crop desiccant and herbicide, used primarily to kill weeds, especially those which compete with crops. Glyphosate is the active ingredient in Monsanto’s Roundup brand weed killer.

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
A type of cancer starting in the white blood cells (lymphocytes), which are part of the body’s immune system.

Pathology
The study of how different diseases affect the body, including the most likely progression of illness.

Roundup
The trade name of Monsanto’s weed-killing glyphosate formula.

Talcum Powder Terms

Biopsy

A procedure to remove a small sample of cells from your body so that it can be analyzed in a laboratory.

Carcinogen

A substance or agent that causes cancer.

Epithelial Cancer

Epithelial cancer refers the membrane nature of the outer lining of the ovary.

Feminine Hygiene

Usually refers to personal care related to the vaginal or perineal area.

Johnson & Johnson Baby Powder

Talc-based powder often used for feminine hygiene and preventing diaper rash in infants that is linked to cancer with sustained use.

Johnson & Johnson Shower to Shower

Talc-based shower product often used for feminine hygiene that is linked to cancer with sustained use.

Ovarian Cancer

Refers to cancer growth in the ovary. Most ovarian cancers occur in the outer lining (epithelium) of the ovary.

Pathology

The study of how disease affects the body.

Talc or Talcum Powder

Talc is a mineral made up mainly of the elements magnesium, silicon, and oxygen. Talc, in its powdered form, absorbs moisture well and helps cut down on friction, making it useful for keeping skin dry and helping to prevent rashes.

Taxotere Terms

Taxotere

A chemotherapy drug treatment derived from a synthetic compound. The drug is marketed as a more cost effective and efficient option to Taxol, but these claims are not necessarily true. Unlike Taxol, Taxotere is linked to permanent hair loss.

Breast Cancer

A kind of cancer that develops from breast cells and tissue. Most breast cancer begins in the milk ducts. A malignant tumor can spread to other parts of the body.

Cancer Survivor

A person is considered to be a survivor of cancer from the moment she is diagnosed until the end of life.

Chemotherapy

Use of drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemo works by keeping the cancer cells from growing and dividing into more cells.

Docetaxel

Another name for Taxotere. Chemotherapy drug linked to permanent hair loss.

Oncology

The study of cancer.

Permanent Alopecia

Permanent hair loss which may affect the entire body—primarily head hair, lashes, and eyebrows.

Radiation

Radiation therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses beams of intense energy to kill cancer cells.

Remission

Remission means that tests, physical exams, and scans show that all signs of cancer are gone.

Sanofi-Aventis

Manufacturer of drug Taxotere that does not warn about its product’s unique correlation with permanent hair loss.

Taxol

A chemotherapy treatment derived from a natural compound, approved for use of cancer treatment in 1993.

Transvaginal Mesh Terms

Transvaginal Mesh

Synthetic mesh device that looks like a window screen. The plastic device is cut by an OBGYN and put into the vagina. The device was never tested on a vagina before being mass sold to doctors. In numerous cases, the procedure causes life-altering consequences such as erosion and organ perforation.

Bladder Mesh

Synthetic net-like device used to treat pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

Bladder Sling

Used to treat SUI and POP in women. The sling is like a hammock around the bladder to keep organs in place. The sling is made of strips of bladder mesh known to cause life-altering pain and suffering, further surgeries, and hospitalizations.

Corrective Surgery

Corrective surgery may include a replacement bladder mesh or sling, or removing the mesh completely—if possible. Woman may need several surgeries for removal, with no guarantees that the mesh can be completely removed.

Mesh Erosion

When the mesh device moves through the wall of the vagina and often punctures surrounding organs.

Mesh Kits

Pre-packaged transvaginal mesh kits with tools and instructions sent out in large volumes to help any OB/GYN implant the device.

Mesh Removal

There are a handful of urogynecologists in the country capable of removing mesh. Top urogynecologist testified to the FDA that mesh is, “difficult, if not impossible, to remove all the mesh and do it safely.”

Prolapse

When a woman’s pelvic muscles weaken causing the bladder, rectum and uterus to drop into the vagina.

Stress Urinary Incontinence

Leakage of urine during everyday activities that put pressure on the bladder like coughing, sneezing, laughing, or exercising.

Synthetic Mesh

Majority of mesh devices are made of a synthetic plastic called Polypropylene that is known to cause organ perforation.

Viberzi Terms

Irritable Bowel Syndrome Mixed (IBS-M)

When a person experiences colon issues concerning both diarrhea and constipation.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome with Constipation (IBS-C)

Colon sensitivity with symptoms such as cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas and/or constipation.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome with Diarrhea (IBS-D)

When a colon is more sensitive than normal, a person may experience symptoms such as an urgency to have bowel movements, abdominal pain or discomfort, gas, loose stools or frequent stools.

Opioid Receptor

Medication can cause these receptors to relax and stop muscle spasms in the gut which are associated with abdominal discomfort.

Pancreatitis

An inflammation in the pancreas which may be caused by spasms of certain digestive system muscles in the small intestine. Acute pancreatitis can create scar tissue in the pancreas which may lead to loss of function causing digestion problems, diabetes, hospitalization or even death in extreme cases.

Sphincter of Oddi

This muscle opens and closes the bile duct. If the muscle relaxes and does not open, the digestive fluids will get backed up into the gallbladder and pancreas. If it’s stored in the pancreas, the enzymes will start to digest the organ causing pancreatitis that can lead to excruciating pain or even death.

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Periscope Group provides information, resources, and compassionate legal counsel, advocating on behalf of those facing injustice due to prescription drug complications and medical device failures. Contact us today to see how we can help!

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Periscope Group is not owned by or operated on behalf of any attorney or law firm. We are not affiliated with any drug or medical device companies. We do not host advertisements nor do we accept advertising requests. We are here to help YOU, the consumer, become better educated and supported. You pay absolutely nothing for our help. It’s as simple as that.

Periscope Group is not owned by or operated on behalf of any attorney or law firm. We are not affiliated with any drug or medical device companies. We do not host advertisements nor do we accept advertising requests. We are here to help YOU, the consumer, become better educated and supported. You pay absolutely nothing for our help. It’s as simple as that.

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